FOCUS: on the use of the petrous bone for estimating cranial abundance in fossil assemblages

Guy Bar-Oz, Tamar Dayan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Low representation of braincase bones in zooarchaeological assemblages suggests that skulls have been intensively processed by Levantine Epipalaeolithic foragers; most cranial elements are often unidentifiable and are considered poor candidates for quantifying crania. In contrast, the petrous bone is usually found complete, and was found to be easily identifiable to body size category. Use of the petrous bone in fossil assemblages analyses leads to better estimation of the occurrence of cranial elements, and thus of skeletal part representation. We therefore suggest use of the petrous bone for detecting bone destruction and selective transport in faunal assemblages.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1356-1360
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Archaeological Science
Volume34
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2007

Keywords

  • Braincase
  • Cranium
  • Petrous
  • Skeletal part representation
  • Taphonomy
  • Zooarchaeology

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