We obtain a personal signature of a person’s learning progress in a self-neuromodulation task, guided by functional MRI (fMRI). The signature is based on predicting the activity of the Amygdala in a second neurofeedback session, given a similar fMRI-derived brain state in the first session. The prediction is made by a deep neural network, which is trained on the entire training cohort of patients. This signal, which is indicative of a person’s progress in performing the task of Amygdala modulation, is aggregated across multiple prototypical brain states and then classified by a linear classifier to various personal and clinical indications. The predictive power of the obtained signature is stronger than previous approaches for obtaining a personal signature from fMRI neurofeedback and provides an indication that a person’s learning pattern may be used as a diagnostic tool. Our code has been made available, (Our code is available via https://github.com/MICCAI22/fmri_nf.) and data would be shared, subject to ethical approvals.