Fluorescence Lifetime Imaging Microscopy, a Novel Diagnostic Tool for Metastatic Cell Detection in the Cerebrospinal Fluid of Children with Medulloblastoma

Sivan Gershanov, Shalom Michowiz, Helen Toledano, Gilad Yahav, Orit Barinfeld, Avraham Hirshberg, Haim Ben-Zvi, Gabriel Mircus, Mali Salmon-DIvon, Dror Fixler, Nitza Goldenberg-Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In pediatric brain tumours, dissemination of malignant cells within the central nervous system confers poor prognosis and determines treatment intensity, but is often undetectable by imaging or cytology. This study describes the use of fluorescence lifetime (FLT) imaging microscopy (FLIM), a novel diagnostic tool, for detection of metastatic spread. The study group included 15 children with medulloblastoma and 2 with atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumour. Cells extracted from the tumour and the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) 2 weeks postoperatively and repeatedly during chemo/radiotherapy were subjected to nuclear staining followed by FLT measurement and cytological study. Control CSF samples were collected from patients with infectious/inflammatory disease attending the same hospital. Median FLT was prolonged in tumour cells (4.27 ± 0.28 ns; P < 2.2∗10-16) and CSF metastatic cells obtained before chemo/radiotherapy (6.28 ± 0.22 ns; P < 2.2∗10-16); normal in inflammatory control cells (2.6 ± 0.04 ns) and cells from children without metastasis before chemo/radiotherapy (2.62 ± 0.23 ns; P = 0.858) and following treatment (2.62 ± 0.21 ns; P = 0.053); and short in CSF metastatic cells obtained after chemo/radiotherapy (2.40 ± 0.2 ns; P < 2.2∗10-16). FLIM is a simple test that can potentially identify CSF spread of brain tumours. FLT changes in accordance with treatment, with significant prolonged median values in tumours and metastases. More accurate detection of metastatic cells may guide personalised treatment and improve the therapeutic outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3648
JournalScientific Reports
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2017

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