Fluid-electromagnetic helicities and knotted solutions of the fluid-electromagnetic equations

Horatiu Nastase*, Jacob Sonnenschein

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this paper we consider an Euler fluid coupled to external electromagnetism. We prove that the Hopfion fluid-electromagnetic knot, carrying fluid and electromagnetic (EM) helicities, solves the fluid dynamical equations as well as the Abanov Wiegmann (AW) equations for helicities, which are inspired by the axial-current anomaly of a Dirac fermion. We also find a nontrivial knot solution with truly interacting fluid and electromagnetic fields. The key ingredients of these phenomena are the EM and fluid helicities. An EM dual system, with a magnetically charged fluid, is proposed and the analogs of the AW equations are written down. We consider a fluid coupled to a nonlinear generalizations for electromagnetism. The Hopfions are shown to be solutions of the generalized equations. We write down the formalism of fluids in 2+1 dimensions, and we dimensionally reduce the 3+1 dimensional solutions. We determine the EM knotted solutions, from which we derive the fluid knots, by applying special conformal transformations with imaginary parameters on un-knotted null constant EM fields.

Original languageEnglish
Article number144
JournalJournal of High Energy Physics
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2022


  • Field Theory Hydrodynamics
  • Solitons Monopoles and Instantons


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