Flexibility in logistic systems - Modeling and performance evaluation

M. Barad*, D. Evan Sapir

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

113 Scopus citations


This paper examines potential benefits of flexibility in logistic systems. It briefly reviews flexibility concepts and existing flexibility frameworks before suggesting a bottom-up framework for flexibility in logistic systems. Then, one among the proposed system logistic flexibility types, denoted here trans-routing flexibility, is quantitatively investigated. The research focuses on flexibility's benefits exclusive of cost considerations. Logistics dependability, a customer oriented logistic performance measure is introduced. The analysis is framed in a multi-factor design of experiments (DOE) that considers factors representing changes in operational and environmental conditions of a logistic system and design factors, such as trans-routing flexibility, acting as countermeasures to changes. The model stems from a military logistics scenario easily adaptable to an industrial or service environment. Using DOE to examine the important interactions between the factor effects contributes to a better understanding of the logistics decision problems and their eventual solutions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-170
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Production Economics
Issue number2
StatePublished - 11 Aug 2003


  • Design of experiments
  • Flexibility
  • Logistics
  • Performance measures


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