Five Invaluable Lessons I Learned From Kenneth I. Pargament

Hisham Abu-Raiya*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this article, I refer to five invaluable lessons I learned from my mentor, colleague, and friend, Kenneth I. Pargament. These lessons relate to the importance of: (a) establishing a solid foundation for research and developing appropriate instrumentation relevant to the studied populations, (b) differentiating between reductionistic and nonreductionistic explanations of the religion–health connection, (c) realizing that religion is a doubleedge sword phenomenon, (d) studying the psychological consequences of religion in a context, and (e) translating empirical findings into practical applications. I conclude by pointing to how the application of these lessons could further advance the field of the psychology of religion in general, and the psychology of Islam in particular.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-19
Number of pages7
JournalSpirituality in Clinical Practice
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2022


  • Measurement
  • Mental health
  • Pargament
  • Psychotherapy
  • Religion


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