TY - JOUR

T1 - First-passage times and distances along critical curves

AU - Zoia, A.

AU - Kantor, Y.

AU - Kardar, M.

PY - 2007/11/1

Y1 - 2007/11/1

N2 - We propose a model for anomalous transport in inhomogeneous environments, such as fractured rocks, in which particles move only along pre-existing self-similar curves (cracks). The stochastic Loewner equation is used to efficiently generate such curves with tunable fractal dimension df. We numerically compute the probability of first passage (in length or time) from one point on the edge of the semi-infinite plane to any point on the semi-circle of radius R. The scaled probability distributions have a variance which increases with df, a non-monotonic skewness, and tails that decay faster than a simple exponential. The latter is in sharp contrast to predictions based on fractional dynamics and provides an experimental signature for our model.

AB - We propose a model for anomalous transport in inhomogeneous environments, such as fractured rocks, in which particles move only along pre-existing self-similar curves (cracks). The stochastic Loewner equation is used to efficiently generate such curves with tunable fractal dimension df. We numerically compute the probability of first passage (in length or time) from one point on the edge of the semi-infinite plane to any point on the semi-circle of radius R. The scaled probability distributions have a variance which increases with df, a non-monotonic skewness, and tails that decay faster than a simple exponential. The latter is in sharp contrast to predictions based on fractional dynamics and provides an experimental signature for our model.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79051469451&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1209/0295-5075/80/40006

DO - 10.1209/0295-5075/80/40006

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AN - SCOPUS:79051469451

SN - 0295-5075

VL - 80

JO - Journal de Physique (Paris), Lettres

JF - Journal de Physique (Paris), Lettres

IS - 4

M1 - 40006

ER -