Finite doping of a one-dimensional charge density wave: Solitons vs Luttinger liquid charge density

Yuval Weiss*, Moshe Goldstein, Richard Berkovits

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The effects of doping on a one-dimensional wire in a charge density wave state are studied using the density-matrix renormalization group method. We show that for a finite number of extra electrons, the ground state becomes conducting but the particle density along the wire corresponds to a charge density wave with an incommensurate+ wave number determined by the filling. We find that the absence of the translational invariance can be discerned even in the thermodynamic limit as long as the number of doping electrons is finite. The Luttinger liquid behavior is reached only for a finite change in the electron filling factor, which for an infinite wire corresponds to the addition of an infinite number of electrons. In addition to the half filled insulating Mott state and the conducting states, we find evidence for subgap states at fillings different from half filling by a single electron or hole. Finally, we show that by coupling our system to a quantum dot, one can have a discontinuous dependence of its population on the applied gate voltage in the thermodynamic limit, similar to the one predicted for a Luttinger liquid without umklapp processes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number205128
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume77
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - 30 May 2008
Externally publishedYes

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