The objective of the present paper is finite-dimensional observer-based control of 1-D linear heat equation with constructive and easily implementable design conditions. We propose a modal decomposition approach in the cases of bounded observation and control operators (i.e, non-local sensing and actuation). The dimension of the controller is equal to the number of modes which decay slower than a given decay rate δ > 0. The observer may have a larger dimension N. The observer and controller gains are found separately of each other. We suggest a direct Lyapunov approach to the full-order closed-loop system and provide linear matrix inequalities (LMIs) for finding N and the exponential decay rate of the closed-loop system. Different from some existing qualitative methods, we prove that the LMIs are always feasible for large enough N leading to easily verifiable conditions. A numerical example demonstrates the efficiency of our method that gives non-conservative bounds on N and δ.
- Distributed parameter systems
- Heat equation
- Lyapunov method
- Modal decomposition
- Observer-based control