Fine mapping of a major locus on Chromosome 10 for exploratory and fear-like behavior in mice

Shumin Zhang, Yigong Lou, Tara M. Amstein, Monica Anyango, Neeman Mohibullah, Alfred Osoti, Devin Stancliffe, Robert King, Fuad Iraqi, Howard K. Gershenfeld*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Advanced intercross lines (AIL) and interval-specific congenic strains (ISCS) were used to fine map previously coarsely defined quantitative trait loci (QTL) on Chromosomes 1,10, and 19, influencing behaviors in the open Field (OF) and light-dark (LD) paradigms in mice. F12(A x B) AIL mice (N = 1130) were phenotyped, genotyped, and mapped. The ISCS were studied only in the telomeric Chromosome 10 region of interest, containing the exploratory and excitability QTL1 (Exq1). The Chromosome 10 Exq1 and Chromosome 19 Exq4 loci mapped robustly in the AIL. The most significant QTL findings (2.0 LOD score intervals; peak; LOD score) came from the TD15 and LD transitions traits, yielding estimated intervals of 2.2 cM for Exq1 (71.3-73.5 cM; peak 72.3 cM; LOD 11.9) and 9.0 cM for Exq4 (29.0-38.2 cM; peak 34 cM; LOD 4.2). The replicated QTLs on Chromosome 1 failed to map in this AIL population. The ISCS data confirmed Exq1 loci in general. However, the ISCS data were complex and less definitive for localizing the Exq1 loci. These exploratory and fear-like behaviors result from inheriting "many small things," namely, QTL explaining 2%-7% of the phenotypic variance. These results highlight the challenges of positionally cloning loci of small effect for complex traits. In particular, fine-mapping success may depend on the genetic architecture underlying complex traits.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)306-318
Number of pages13
JournalMammalian Genome
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2005
Externally publishedYes


FundersFunder number
National Institute of Mental HealthR01MH058882


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