Fibronectin acts as a molecular switch to determine SPARC function in pancreatic cancer

Amanda Munasinghe, Khalisha Malik, Fatemia Mohamedi, Stan Moaraf, Hemant Kocher, Lucy Jones, Natasha J. Hill*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the deadliest of all solid tumours and more effective therapy is urgently needed. The stroma is thought to play a critical role in tumour development and metastasis, and high stromal expression of the matricellular protein SPARC has been robustly associated with poor patient prognosis. However, the precise role of SPARC has been highly controversial, with multiple studies demonstrating tumour-suppressor properties of this protein in vitro. This conflicting data has been a barrier to the development of new therapeutic approaches targeting SPARC, despite current interest in stromal-therapy. We show conclusively that SPARC acts directly on cancer cells to promote pancreatic cancer cell proliferation. This contradicts previous in vitro studies, but is consistent with the observed clinical association between SPARC expression and poor patient prognosis. However, depletion of fibronectin switches the activity of SPARC from promoting cancer cell proliferation to growth inhibition and induction of apoptosis. Thus, targeting the interaction between SPARC and fibronectin could be used to turn the highly expressed tumour protein SPARC against the tumour to induce tumour cytotoxicity, and is a novel target for PDAC therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)88-96
Number of pages9
JournalCancer Letters
Volume477
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Extracellular matrix
  • Fibronectin
  • Matricellular
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • SPARC
  • Tumor stroma

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