Fiberoptic bronchoscopic submucosal injection of mitomycin C for recurrent benign tracheal stenosis: A case series

Boaz Tiran, Tal Perluk, Eyal Kleinhendler, Avi Man, Irina Fomin, Yehuda Schwarz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Benign tracheal stenosis has emerged as a therapeutic challenge for physicians involved in the care of survivors of critical care units. Although the traditional mainstay of open surgical reconstructive treatment is still considered the gold standard, endoscopic therapies such as laser re-canalization, balloon dilation, or stenting are commonly practiced in invasive bronchology. Recurrent obstructing granulomas pose a challenge for bronchoscopists. Mitomycin C (MyC) is a cytotoxic agent that is isolated from Streptomyces caespitosus and acts by inhibiting DNA and RNA synthesis through alkylation and cross-linkages. Topical MyC is commonly used in indirect laryngoscopies for the treatment of granulation tissue in the trachea by using saturated pledgets. Objectives: To describe fiberoptic bronchoscopic submucosal injection of MyC as a treatment for recurrent benign tracheal stenosis. Methods: We report our successful experience with submucosal intralesional injection of MyC in the management of recurrent obstructing granulomas/stenosis using the flexible fiberoptic bronchoscope in a series of 10 patients between 2005 and 2019. Results: The results suggest that intralesional injection of MyC using the flexible bronchoscope after the endoscopic treatment of the stenotic lesion may reduce the rate of subsequent formation of granulation tissue and scarring without side effects. Conclusions: The efficacy of MyC injection should be studied prospectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)757-760
Number of pages4
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume22
Issue number12
StatePublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Benign tracheal stenosis
  • Interventional bronchoscopy
  • Intralesional injection
  • Mitomycin C (MyC)
  • Obstructing granulomas

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