Temperature measurement based on pulsed photothermal radiometry is described. In this technique a body is irradiated by a laser pulse and its temperature is inferred from the shape of the emitted photothermal-signal curve. A prototypical system based on a pulsed CO2 laser, an IR detector, and IR-transmitting silver halide optical fibers was constructed and used to evaluate the feasibility of this technique. An important feature of the technique is that changes in sample emissivity or geometric factors do not introduce errors in the temperature determination. Theory, simulation, and experimental results are given and discussed.