Introduction: Fetal growth restriction (FGR) in dichorionic diamniotic (DCDA) twin gestations is a known complication associated with adverse neonatal outcomes. The international guidelines have no consensus on whether to use singleton or twin-specific growth charts. Thus, we aimed to compare growth charts in correlation with pregnancy outcomes and placental histopathology. Methods: The medical files of all DCDA twin deliveries between 2010 and 2020 were reviewed. Birthweight percentile for gestational age (GA) for each individual neonate was assigned using the updated local singleton and twin-specific growth chart. We then divided the study population into two groups, neonates that were FGR based on the local singleton charts (FGR-singleton group) versus FGR on both twin-specific and singleton charts (FGR-twin group). Placental lesions were classified as lesions related to maternal or fetal malperfusion lesions (MVM, FVM), vascular and villous changes, and inflammatory lesions. Results: Overall, 185 neonates met the inclusion criteria. The FGR-twin group (59/185) had a higher rate of PE, lower GA at delivery, lower birthweight, and a higher rate of neonatal composite adverse outcomes compared to the FGR-singleton group. Moreover, placental pathology of the FGR-twin group demonstrated a higher rate of MVM lesions (p = 0.035). Discussion: In our cohort, neonates considered FGR based on twin-specific charts had worse neonatal outcomes with underlying placental insufficiency demonstrated by a higher rate of placental malperfusion vascular lesions. Our findings support using a twin-specific chart to diagnose FGR that is more clinically relevant.
- Growth charts