Fetal 'fright-bradycardia' brought on by air-raid alarm in Israel

I. Yoles*, M. Hod, B. Kaplan, J. Ovadia

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Three cases of severe fetal bradycardia during labor following an air-raid alarm are described. After 2 min of severe bradycardia (less than 60 beats/min) the fetal heart rate (FHR) returned to a normal pattern. In all cases labor progressed uneventfully with an excellent fetal and maternal outcome. The cases are briefly described and possible causative mechanisms are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-160
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1993
Externally publishedYes


  • Fetal distress
  • Fetal heart rate


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