Fetal brain anomalies associated with ventriculomegaly or asymmetry: An MRI-based study

E. Barzilay, O. Bar-Yosef, S. Dorembus, R. Achiron, E. Katorza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Fetal lateral ventriculomegaly is a relatively common finding with much debate over its clinical significance. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between ventriculomegaly and asymmetry and concomitant CNS findings as seen in fetal brain MR imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fetal brain MR imaging performed for various indications, including ventriculomegaly, with or without additional ultrasound findings, was assessed for possible inclusion. Two hundred seventy-eight cases found to have at least 1 lateral ventricle with a width of ≥10 mm were included in the study. Ventriculomegaly was considered mild if the measurement was 10 -11.9 mm; moderate if, 12-14.9 mm; and severe if, ≥15 mm. Asymmetry was defined as a difference of ≥2 mm between the 2 lateral ventricles. Fetal brain MR imaging findings were classified according to severity by predefined categories. RESULTS: The risk of CNS findings appears to be strongly related to the width of the ventricle (OR, 1.38; 95% CI, 1.08 -1.76; P = .009). The prevalence of associated CNS abnormalities was significantly higher (P = .005) in symmetric ventriculomegaly compared with asymmetric ventriculomegaly (38.8% versus 24.2%, respectively, for all CNS abnormalities and 20% versus 7.1%, respectively, for major CNS abnormalities). CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we demonstrate that the rate of minor and major findings increased with each millimeter increase in ventricle width and that the presence of symmetric ventricles in mild and moderate ventriculomegaly was a prognostic indicator for CNS abnormalities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371-375
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2017

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