Fertility Preservation in Endometriosis: Does Patient Symptomatology Affect the Extent of the Ovarian Response?

Yuval Fouks, Sher Goaz, David Ryley, Guy Kern, Foad Azem, Yoni Cohen, Yossi Hasson, Ziv Shapira, Aviad Cohen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study is to identify factors and patient symptomatology affecting ovarian response in women with endometriosis who seek fertility preservation. An observational cross-sectional study was conducted from July 2017 to May 2020 at a tertiary university-affiliated medical center. We included patients who were treated in the endometriosis clinic and underwent fertility preservation. Patients completed an online questionnaire that was cross-referenced with electronic charts. An analysis related to patient data and fertility preservation cycles and a mediation analysis were performed. The mean patient age at time of fertility preservation was 35.2 (± 4.9) years. The mean accumulated number of oocytes vitrified per patient was 16.7 (± 12.1) oocytes. The correlation coefficient assessed between the number of oocytes vitrified per cycle and AMH was significantly positive at +0.472, p = 0.006. The examined reported symptoms were lethargy, chronic pelvic pain, dyschezia, dyspareunia, bowel-associated symptoms, and urinary tract symptoms. The number of oocytes vitrified correlated with the number of reported symptoms and clinical characteristics at − 0.497, p = 0.0001, and − 0.442, p = 0.0001, respectively. In a mediation analysis, the potential causality of surgical intervention in the relationship between the number of symptoms and ovarian response was − 0.300 (95% CI [0.15, 1.905], p = 0.05), and the calculated proportion of mediation was estimated to be 17%. We observed a significant negative association between the number of clinical symptoms and the quantity of vitrified oocytes. This relationship was only partly associated with prior surgical intervention. AMH was found to have the highest correlation with treatment success in patients with endometriosis undergoing fertility preservation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2439-2448
Number of pages10
JournalReproductive Sciences
Volume30
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2023

Keywords

  • Endometrioma
  • Endometriosis
  • Fertility preservation
  • Symptoms of endometriosis

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