Fermi-Pasta-Ulam phenomena and persistent breathers in the harmonic trap

Anxo Biasi, Oleg Evnin, Boris A. Malomed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We consider the long-term weakly nonlinear evolution governed by the two-dimensional nonlinear Schrödinger (NLS) equation with an isotropic harmonic oscillator potential. The dynamics in this regime is dominated by resonant interactions between quartets of linear normal modes, accurately captured by the corresponding resonant approximation. Within this approximation, we identify Fermi-Pasta-Ulam-like recurrence phenomena, whereby the normal-mode spectrum passes in close proximity of the initial configuration, and two-mode states with time-independent mode amplitude spectra that translate into long-lived breathers of the original NLS equation. We comment on possible implications of these findings for nonlinear optics and matter-wave dynamics in Bose-Einstein condensates.

Original languageEnglish
Article number034210
JournalPhysical Review E
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2021


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