Feasibility of bedside bowel ultrasound performed by a gastroenterologist for detection and follow-up of inflammatory bowel disease

Dan Carter, Rami Eliakim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Bowel ultrasound has several possible uses in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), including the initial evaluation of suspected IBD, monitoring of therapeutic response, detection of relapse, and diagnosis of complications as well as of extra-intestinal manifestations. However, its use has been limited mainly to countries where it is performed by the attending physician. Objectives: To investigate the feasibility and sensitivity of bedside bowel ultrasound performed by a gastroenterologist for assessing disease activity and complications in IBD. Methods: We performed a feasibility study to compare the results of bowel ultrasound examination with those of another cross-sectional imaging modality (computed tomographic enterography or magnetic resonance enterography) in Crohn’s disease, or with colonoscopy in ulcerative colitis. Results: Between May 2015 and March 2016, 178 bowel ultrasound examinations were performed in 178 patients with suspected or established diagnosis of IBD. In 79 cases the results of another cross-sectional imaging or endoscopic examination performed within 3 months prior to the ultrasound exam were available. The sensitivity for detection of intestinal bowel thickening (a surrogate of inflammation) was 90%, and for detection of Crohn’s disease complications, namely bowel stenosis and inflammatory mass, 94% and 75%, respectively. Conclusions: Bowel ultrasound is a useful and feasible bedside imaging tool for the detection of inflammation and complications in IBD patients. Bedside bowel ultrasound can be a valuable non-invasive tool to assess disease activity and complications in IBD patients when performed by the attending physician.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-142
Number of pages4
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume19
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2017

Keywords

  • Bowel ultrasonography
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Cross-sectional imaging
  • Endoscopy
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
  • Ulcerative colitis

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