Feasibility of a single-stage tracheostomy decannulation protocol with endoscopy in adult patients

Oded Cohen*, Sharon Tzelnick, Yonatan Lahav, Dekel Stavi, Hagit Shoffel-Havakuk, Moshe Hain, Doron Halperin, Nimrod Adi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives/Hypothesis: Gradual decrease in tube size and tube capping are considered the standard of care for tracheostomy decannulation. Both of these actions result in increased airway resistance. Immediate decannulation may offer a more tolerable approach. Objective: To assess the feasibility of immediate tracheostomy decannulation compared with the traditional decannulation methods. Methods: This study is a single institute, case-control retrospective study of patients between the years 2009 to 2014. The study group included all patients who underwent immediate decannulation, whereas the control group comprised patients who underwent traditional staged decannulation. An immediate decannulation protocol included admission to the intensive care unit, a comprehensive evaluation, decannulation, 24 hours of monitoring, and observation until discharge. Results: Twenty-nine patients were included in the study group and 20 in the control group. No significant statistical difference was found between the two groups in the patients' medical history and tracheostomy data, except for the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score and duration of the deflated cuff, which were significantly higher in the control group. A significant difference was found in the complication rate between the groups. In the staged decannulation group, four patients failed decannulation and required reinsertion of the tracheostomy cannula, whereas there were no such failures in the immediate decannulation group. Hospitalization duration after decannulation of the study group patients was significantly shorter than that of the control group. Conclusion: Immediate decannulation may offer a safe alternative for weaning from tracheostomy. It may also reduce the duration of the weaning process and hospitalization. Level of Evidence: 3b Laryngoscope, 126:2057–2062, 2016.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2057-2062
Number of pages6
JournalLaryngoscope
Volume126
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Decannulation
  • immediate
  • single stage
  • staged
  • tracheostomy

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