Faster algorithms for computing maximal 2-connected subgraphs in sparse directed graphs

Shiri Chechik, Thomas Dueholm Hanseny, Giuseppe F. Italiano, Veronika Loitzenbauer, Nikos Parotsidis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Connectivity related concepts are of fundamental interest in graph theory. The area has received extensive attention over four decades, but many problems remain unsolved, especially for directed graphs. A directed graph is 2-edge-connected (resp., 2-vertex-connected) if the removal of any edge (resp., vertex) leaves the graph strongly connected. In this paper we present improved algorithms for computing the maximal 2-edge and 2- vertex-connected subgraphs of a given directed graph. These problems were first studied more than 35 years ago, with eO(mn) time algorithms for graphs with m edges and n vertices being known since the late 1980s. In contrast, the same problems for undirected graphs are known to be solvable in linear time. Henzinger et al. [ICALP 2015] recently introduced O(n2) time algo- rithms for the directed case, thus improving the running times for dense graphs. Our new algorithms run in time O(m3=2), which further improves the running times for sparse graphs. The notion of 2-connectivity naturally generalizes to k-connectivity for k > 2. For constant values of k, we extend one of our algorithms to compute the maximal k-edge-connected in time O(m3=2 log n), improving again for sparse graphs the best known algorithm by Henzinger et al. [ICALP 2015] that runs in O(n2 log n) time.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication28th Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms, SODA 2017
EditorsPhilip N. Klein
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Pages1900-1918
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)9781611974782
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017
Event28th Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms, SODA 2017 - Barcelona, Spain
Duration: 16 Jan 201719 Jan 2017

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms
Volume0

Conference

Conference28th Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms, SODA 2017
Country/TerritorySpain
CityBarcelona
Period16/01/1719/01/17

Funding

FundersFunder number
Seventh Framework Programme340506

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