## Abstract

We present regularization by invariant denoising/smoothing of Diffusion Tensor MRI (DTI). Our solution to the problem emerges from a pure geometric point of view. The image domain and the image's values are combined together and described as a (mathematical) fiber bundle. The space of all possible DT images is the space of sections of this fiber bundle. DT image is a map that attaches a three-dimensional symmetric and positive-definite (SPD) matrix to each volume element. We treat the more general space P_{n} of n-dimensional SPD matrices and introduce a natural GL(n)-invariant metric via the underlying algebraic structure. A metric over sections of the fiber bundle is induced then in terms of the natural metric on P_{n}. This turns P_{3} tensors, and in general P_{n} tensors, into a Riemannian symmetric spaces. By means of the Beltrami framework we define a GL(n)-invariant functional over the space of sections. Then, by calculus of variations we derive the invariant equations of motion. We show that by choosing the Iwasawa coordinates the analytical calculations as well as the numerical implementation become simple. These coordinates evolve with respect to the geometry of the section via the induced metric. The numerical implementation of these flows via standard finite difference schemes is straightforward. The result is a full GL(n) invariant algorithm which is at least as fast and efficient as the Log-Euclidean method. Finally, we demonstrate this framework on real DTI data.

Original language | English |
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DOIs | |

State | Published - 2007 |

Event | 2007 IEEE 11th International Conference on Computer Vision, ICCV - Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Duration: 14 Oct 2007 → 21 Oct 2007 |

### Conference

Conference | 2007 IEEE 11th International Conference on Computer Vision, ICCV |
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Country/Territory | Brazil |

City | Rio de Janeiro |

Period | 14/10/07 → 21/10/07 |