Fast determination of milk fat content using Raman spectroscopy

R. M. El-Abassy, P. J. Eravuchira, P. Donfack, B. Von Der Kammer, A. Materny*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In our work, we have demonstrated the capability of VIS Raman spectroscopy in combination with partial least square regression (PLS) as a rapid technique for direct milk fat determination. Raman spectra of milk samples revealed contributions from proteins, but mainly from their fat content with different spectral characteristics. Three different methods of sample preparations were applied: (i) liquid milk contained in an open dish, (ii) dried milk droplets on glass plates covered with Al foil, and (iii) liquid milk contained in quartz cuvettes. Methods (i) and (ii) showed a good PLS model for milk fat prediction with low root mean square errors and high correlation coefficients. The main advantage of milk sample contained in the dish lies in its simplicity as well as the fact that the open container maximizes the signal of interest avoiding background contributions. Our results show that Raman spectroscopy is suited for in-line monitoring purposes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-8
Number of pages6
JournalVibrational Spectroscopy
Issue number1
StatePublished - 12 May 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • In-line determination
  • Raman spectroscopy
  • Rapid analysis technique


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