Surveyed kibbutz communities with a mix of factory and farm jobs to study the effects of industrialization on work and workers while controlling for the effects of urbanization. Questionnaire responses of 476 workers in a representative sample of factories were compared to those of 175 workers in location-matched agricultural branches in 27 kibbutz collective settlements. Factory workers rated their jobs significantly lower than did farm workers on plant manager's leadership, opportunities for self-realization on the job, participation, control, peer relations, and information about the job. However, factory jobs were rated cleaner, easier, and more mental. Factory and farm workers were similar in outcome measures, including supervisory ratings of performance, job satisfaction, mental health, and alienation. (19 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).
- industrialization, attitudes & job satisfaction & mental health & alienation, kibbutz factory vs agricultural workers