Familial mediterranean fever in children presenting with attacks of fever alone

Shai Padeh*, A. V.I. Livneh, Elon Pras, Yael Shinar, Merav Lidar, Olga Feld, Yackov Berkun

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective. Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an inherited disease characterized by attacks of febrile polyserositis. In children, attacks of fever alone, or with headache and malaise, may precede other forms of attacks. Our objective was clinical and genetic characterization of FMF and its development in pediatric patients who first presented with attacks of fever alone. Methods. Clinical characterization and MEFV genotype of all FMF patients < 16 years of age at disease onset and first presenting with attacks of fever alone were analyzed and compared for age, sex, and disease duration with matched FMF patients presenting with serositis at the onset of the disease. Results. There were 814 patients with FMF in our registry. Fifty patients formed the study group and 234 patients the control group. In the study group, the first (febrile) attacks appeared at a younger age than in the control group (1.7 ± 1.6 yrs vs 5.0 ± 4.1 yrs, respectively; p < 0.0001), diagnosis was made earlier (4.2 ± 2.7 yrs vs 6.7 ± 4.1 yrs; p < 0.0001), despite a trend for a longer delay in diagnosis. In the study group, attacks were shorter (1.6 ± 0.8 days vs 2.1 ± 1.0 days; p = 0.023) and homozygosity to the M694V mutation was more prevalent (46% vs 31%; p = 0.03). Attack rate, colchicine dose, and theMEFV mutation carrier rates were comparable between the groups. In 40/50 (80%) of the patients with fever alone, serositis had developed over a course of 2.9 ± 2.2 years after disease onset. Conclusion. FMF in young children may begin with attacks of fever alone, but it progresses to typical FMF disease over the next 2.9 ± 2.2 years. Our study demonstrates that clinical heterogeneity at presentation is more likely to indicate a feature of a disease in development, rather than to mark distinct phenotypes of FMF. The Journal of Rheumatology

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)865-869
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Rheumatology
Volume37
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2010

Keywords

  • Children
  • Familial mediterranean fever
  • MEFV
  • Phenotype mutations

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