PURPOSE: To describe a new familial syndrome consisting of anterior segment dysgenesis, glaucomatous optic neuropathy, and intraocular pressure (IOP) in the normal range. DESIGN: Observational case series. METHODS: Subjects were available for examination from a 2-generation pedigree. Ophthalmic examination and photography, visual field examination, and optical coherence tomography of the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer were performed. In some subjects, medical work-up was performed. RESULTS: Eight affected subjects were identified. All had signs of Axenfeld-like anterior segment dysgenesis, ranging from a single fine iris process to diffuse broad iris synechiae extending to a prominent posterior embryotoxon. Four of the 8 subjects had glaucoma-appearing optic nerve heads with corresponding visual field defects; in a fifth subject, glaucoma was suspected on the basis of optic nerve appearance, but the visual field was full. IOP was consistently in the low-teens to mid-teens except in 1 eye in which it was 22 mm Hg, the highest recorded pressure in all examined subjects. CONCLUSIONS: A new phenotype is presented, characterized by IOP in the normal range, glaucomatous-appearing optic nerve cupping, and anterior segment dysgenesis. The suggested mode of inheritance is autosomal dominant with marked intrafamilial variability.
- Anterior segment
- Low tension