Familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (FHLH) in Israel. I. Description of 11 patients of Iranian—Iraqi origin and review of the literature

Batia Stark, Chaim Hershko, Nehama Rosen, Gabriel Cividalli, Han An Karsai, Dov Soffer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Eleven patients with familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytøsis (FHLH) are described. They all belonged to four Jewish families of Iranian and Iraqi origin. Parental consanguinity was found in three families. The age of onset of disease ranged from 6 weeks to 36 months. All patients had fever, wasting, and enlargement of the liver and spleen. In addition, lymph‐node enlargement and neurologic complications were common. The most consistent laboratory findings were pancytopenia, atypical lymphomonocytoid cells in the peripheral blood, abnormal liver function test results, and increased cerebrospinal fluid protein. The course was fatal in all patients. Nine of the 11 patients died within 2 weeks to 3 months of presentation, and 2 patients achieved temporary remissions but died of disease within 8 and 24 months, respectively. Response to antibiotic therapy or to the administration of corticosteroids and cytotoxic drugs was unimpressive. Pancytopenia complicated by sepsis or bleeding, hepatic failure, or encephalopathy were the terminal events. This report draws attention to the existence of FHLH in Jews of Iranian‐Iraqi origin in whom parental consanguinity is very common.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2109-2121
Number of pages13
JournalCancer
Volume54
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Nov 1984
Externally publishedYes

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