A 28-year-old man had recurrent episodes of headache, ophthalmoplegia, and ptosis. MR imaging showed a mass within the sphenoid sinus. TI-201 imaging showed intense uptake in the region of the sphenoid sinus and right middle fossa with moderate retention of activity, suggesting the diagnosis of a viable tumor. A biopsy specimen from the sphenoid sinus revealed dense inflammatory infiltrate dominated by plasma cells, consistent with inflammatory pseudotumor. After radiation therapy, the mass showed no significant change on MR imaging, but regressed in size and uptake on the follow-up TI-201 scan. TI-201 may accumulate in nonmalignant inflammatory lesions and could mimic a viable tumor. It is, therefore, suggested that before surgery and histologic diagnosis, any abnormal intracranial accumulation of TI-201 should be interpreted with caution.