Factors associated with diabetes-specific health-related quality of life in youth with type 1 diabetes: The global teens study

Barbara J. Anderson, Lori M. Laffel, Catherine Domenger, Thomas Danne, Moshe Phillip, Carmen Mazza, Ragnar Hanas, Sheridan Waldron, Roy W. Beck, Francoise Calvi-Gries, Chantal Mathieu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE Our objective was to characterize diabetes-specific health-related quality of life (D-HRQOL) in a global sample of youth and young adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and to identify the main factors associated with quality of life. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The TEENs study was an international, cross-sectional study of youth, 8-25 years of age, with T1D. Participants (N= 5,887)were seen in clinical sites in 20 countries across 5 continents enrolled for 3 predetermined age groups: 8-12, 13-18, and 19-25 years of age. To assess D-HRQOL, participants completed the PedsQL DiabetesModule 3.0 and were interviewed about family-related factors. Specifics about treatment regimen and self-management behaviors were collected from medical records. RESULTS Across all age groups, females reported significantly lower D-HRQOL than didmales. The 19-25-year age group reported the lowest D-HRQOL. Multivariate linear regression analyses revealed that D-HRQOL was significantly related to HbA1c; the lower the HbA1c, the better the D-HRQOL. Three diabetes-management behaviors were significantly related to better D-HRQOL: advanced methods used to measure food intake;more frequent daily blood glucose monitoring; and more days per week that youth had 30 min of physical activity. CONCLUSIONS In all three age groups, the lower the HbA1c, the better the D-HRQOL, underscoring the strong association between better D-HRQOL and optimal glycemic control in a global sample of youth and young adults. Three diabetes-management behaviors were also related to optimal glycemic control, which represent potentially modifiable factors for clinical interventions to improve D-HRQOL as well as glycemic control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1002-1009
Number of pages8
JournalDiabetes Care
Volume40
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2017
Externally publishedYes

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