Factors associated with an increased risk of recurrence in patients diagnosed with high-grade endometrial cancer undergoing minimally invasive surgery: A study of the society of gynecologic oncology of Canada (GOC) community of practice (CoP)

Tomer Feigenberg*, Beatrice Cormier, Walter Henri Gotlieb, Kizanee Jegatheeswaran, Limor Helpman, Soyoun Rachel Kim, Susie Lau, Taymaa May, Dima Saab, Marie Plante, Marie Claude Renaud, Vanessa Samouelian, Sarah Shamiya, Danielle Vicus, Kristin Wright, Janice S. Kwon

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is a standard surgical approach for comprehensive surgical staging in women with endometrial cancer. As rates and complexity of MIS are steadily increasing, it is important to identify potential risk factors which may be associated with this approach. This study evaluates the impact of local factors on the risk of disease recurrence. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted of patients diagnosed with high grade endometrial cancer (HGEC) who underwent MIS between 2012 and 2016 at eight Canadian centers. Data was collected from medical records. The 75th percentile was calculated for estimated uterine volume and weight. All recurrences were categorized into two groups; intra-abdominal vs. extra-abdominal. To search for significant covariates associated with recurrence-free survival a Cox proportional hazard model was performed. Results: A total of 758 patients were included in the study. Intra-uterine manipulator was used in 497 (35.8%) of patients. Vaginal lacerations were documented in 9.1%. Median follow-up was 30.5 months (interquartile range 20–47). There were 157 who had disease recurrence (20.71%), including 92 (12.14%) intra-abdominal and 60 (7.92%) extra-abdominal only recurrences. In univariate analysis myometrial invasion, LVI, stage, uterine volume and weight > 75th percentile and chemotherapy were associated with increased risk of intra-abdominal recurrence. In multivariable analysis only stage, and specimen weight > 75th percentile (OR 2.207, CI 1.123–4.337) remained significant. Uterine volume, and weight were not associated with increased risk of extra-abdominal recurrences. Conclusion: For patients diagnosed with HGEC undergoing MIS, extracting a large uterus is associated with a significantly increased risk for intra-abdominal recurrence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)606-612
Number of pages7
JournalGynecologic Oncology
Volume162
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Endometrial cancer
  • High-grade
  • Minimally invasive surgery
  • Uterine manipulator

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