Factors affecting the duration of the latency period in preterm premature rupture of membranes

Nir Melamed, Eran Hadar, Avi Ben-Haroush, Boris Kaplan, Yariv Yogev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective.To investigate the natural course of preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) at <34 0 weeks and to identify factors that affect the duration of the latency period. Design.A retrospective cohort study of all women diagnosed with PPROM prior to 34+0 weeks during 19982006. Latency period was defined as the time between onset of PPROM to either spontaneous delivery, labor induction at 34+0 weeks, or indicated delivery prior to 34+0 weeks because of suspected chorioamnionitis or nonreassuring fetal heart rate. Results.The overall rate of PPROM was 1.4% (905/66,775), of which 46 (417/905) occurred at <34+0 weeks. Overall, the latency period exceeded 48 h in about 73.4% of cases (306/471). Women with short latency periods (<48 h) were characterised by higher degree of cervical dilatation and higher gestational age at admission and were more likely to be nulliparous. The duration of the latency period ranged between 0 and 59 days and was inversely related to gestational age at admission (r=-0.63, P < 0.001.) Using Cox proportional hazards model, gestational age at admission (HR=1.29, 95% CI 1.221.37), oligohydroamnios (HR=1.49, 95% CI 1.181.87), cervical dilatation >1 cm (HR% 0.65, 95% CI 0.520.83), fetal growth restriction (HR 2.94, 95 CI 1.246.94) and nulliparity (HR= 1.28, 95% CI 1.121.63) were significantly associated with shorter duration of the latency period. Conclusion.In this study, we have identified several predictive factors for the duration of the latency period in cases of PPROM. This information may assist clinicians in risk stratification and in providing consultation for women presenting with PPROM prior to 34 weeks of gestation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1051-1056
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine
Volume22
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2009

Keywords

  • Duration
  • Latency
  • Prediction
  • Preterm premature rupture of membranes

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