Facilitation of latent inhibition by haloperidol in rats

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Abstract

Latent inhibition (LI) is a behavioral paradigm in which prior exposure to a stimulus not followed by reinforcement retards subsequent conditioning to that stimulus when it is paired with reinforcement. Two experiments investigated the effects of 0.1 mg/kg haloperidol administration on LI as a function of number of CS pre-exposures. The investigation was carried out using a conditioned emotional response (CER) procedure consisting of three stages: pre-exposure, in which the to-be-conditioned stimulus, tone, was repeatedly presented without reinforcement; conditioning, in which the pre-exposed stimulus was paired with shock; and test, where LI was indexed by animals' suppression of licking during tone presentation. The three stages were conducted 24 h apart. In Experiment 1, 40 CS pre-exposures were given. LI was obtained in both the placebo and haloperidol conditions, but the effect was much more pronounced under the drug. Experiment 2 used ten CS pre-exposures. LI was not obtained in the placebo animals but was clearly evident in animals injected with haloperidol. The implications of these findings for the effects of neuroleptics on learning are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)248-253
Number of pages6
JournalPsychopharmacology
Volume91
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1987

Keywords

  • Conditioned
  • Haloperidol
  • Latent inhibition
  • Rat
  • suppression

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