Facet Tropism and Orientation: Risk Factors for Degenerative Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

Janan Abbas, Natan Peled, Israel Hershkovitz, Kamal Hamoud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The aim of this study is to establish whether facet tropism (FT) and orientation (FO) are associated with degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis (DLSS). A retrospective computerized tomography (CT) study including 274 individuals was divided into two groups: control (82 males and 81 females) and stenosis (59 males and 52 females). All participants have undergone high-resolution CT scan of the lumbar spine in the same position. FT and FO were measured at L1-2 to L5-S1. Significant sagittal FO was noted in the stenosis males (L2-3 to L4-5) and females (L2-3 to L5-S1) compared to the controls. The prevalence of FT was remarkably greater in the stenosis males (L4-5, L5-S1) and females (L3-4, L5-S1) compared to their counterparts in the control group. Our results also showed that FT (L3-4 to L5-S1) increases approximately 2.9 times the likelihood for DLSS development. This study indicates that FO and FT in the lower lumbar spine are significantly associated with DLSS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2453503
JournalBioMed Research International
StatePublished - 2020


FundersFunder number
Dan David Prize
Israel Science Foundation1397/08


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