Extreme dynamics and energetics of Coulomb explosion of Xe clusters

Andreas Heidenreich, Isidore Last, Joshua Jortner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Unique features of Coulomb explosion (CE) of many-electron elemental Xen (n = 13-2171) clusters driven by ultraintense and ultrashort near-infrared laser pulses (peak intensities 1015-1020 W cm-2 and pulse lengths of 10-100 fs) manifest ion dynamics and energetics in the extreme, with ultrafast (5-15 Å fs-1) velocities and ultrahigh (keV-1 MeV) energies. Relations were established between the CE attributes, obtained from molecular dynamics simulations and from electrostatic models, and the extreme cluster inner ionization levels (5-36 per ion), in conjunction with the laser parameters required for the attainment of complete outer ionization, which was approximated by cluster vertical ionization (CVI) initial conditions. Interrelationship between electron dynamics and nuclear dynamics stems from the effects of the laser pulse length on the energetics and from the characterization of the border radius for complete outer ionization. Our computational-theoretical analysis semi-quantitatively describes CE dynamics and energetics in the CVI limit and also the energetics in the presence of a persistent nanoplasma, which is in accord with experiment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-124
Number of pages14
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

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