Extraversion in women with fibromyalgia as a predictor of better prognosis: an intervention model in dance movement therapy

Dita Federman, Ravit Maltz Schwartz, Howard Amital

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study examined the relationship between extraversion, the ability to identify emotions in observed movement and quality of life (QoL), among women with and without fibromyalgia (FM). The sample was 50 adult women. Participants were asked to fill out Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire, NEO Five Factor Inventory, Short Form 36 Health Survey, Toronto Alexithymia Scale-20 and demographic questionnaire, were shown video clips of body movements and were asked to identify the emotion. The results showed that extraversion was positively correlated with the identification of happiness among FM patients and with QoL. A correlation was found between the ability to identify ‘happiness’ and ahigher perceived QoL. FM patients who showed ahigher level of extraversion identified happiness better than those who were not found to be extraverted. It can be assumed that expression of emotion using dance/movement therapy, which activates mirror neurons, will increase empathic abilities. Results led to the building of a therapeutic intervention model based on the practical implications of the findings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)218-233
Number of pages16
JournalBody, Movement and Dance in Psychotherapy
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 Oct 2019

Keywords

  • dance movement therapy
  • emotion identification
  • extraversion
  • fibromyalgia
  • happiness
  • quality of life

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