Extracellular signal-regulated kinase and c-Src, but not Jun N-terminal kinase, are involved in basal and gonadotropin-releasing hormone-stimulated activity of the glycoprotein hormone α-subunit promoter

Dagan Harris, Dana Chuderland, David Bonfil, Sarah Kraus, Rony Seger, Zvi Naor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Addition of a GnRH agonist (GnRH-A) to αT3-1 cells stimulates different MAPK cascades: ERK, Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), and p38. Activation of JNK, ERK, and p38 shows a unique fold activation ratio of 25:12:2, which might encode signal specificity. ERK is translocated to the nucleus within 20 min with a peak at 120 min of GnRH-A stimulation. We used the human α-subunit promoter linked to chloramphenicol acetyl transferase (αCAT) to examine the role of ERK, JNK, and c-Src, which is implicated in MAPK activation, in basal and GnRH-stimulated αCAT. Addition of GnRH-A resulted in a 3-fold increase in αCAT, whereas the Ca2+ ionophore ionomycin and the protein kinase C (PKC) activator 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) had no effect. Addition of GnRH-A and TPA, but not GnRH-A and ionomycin, produced a synergistic response, whereas removal of Ca2+, but not down-regulation of TPA-sensitive PKCs, abolished GnRH-A-stimulated αCAT. Thus, regulation of α-promoter activity by GnRH is Ca2+ dependent and is further augmented by PKC. Cotransfection of αCAT and constitutively active or dominant negative plasmids of ERK and JNK cascade members, or the use of the ERK inhibitor PD98059, revealed that ERK, but not JNK, is involved in basal and GnRH-A-stimulated αCAT. Because c-Src participates in MAPK activation by GnRH, we also studied its role. Cotransfection of αCAT and the dominant negative form of c-Src or incubation with the c-Src inhibitor PP1 reduced GnRH-A-stimulated αCAT. The 5′-deletion analysis revealed that the -846/-420 region participated in basal α-transcription. In addition, the -346/-156 region containing the pituitary glycoprotein hormone basal element, α-basal elements, glycoprotein-specific element, and upstream response element is involved in basal and GnRH-A-stimulated αCAT. ERK contribution to GnRH maps to -346/-280 containing the pituitary glycoprotein hormone basal element and α-basal elements 1/2. Surprisingly, although c-Src is involved in GnRH-A-stimulated ERK, its involvement is mapped to another region (-280/-180) containing the glycoprotein-specific element. Thus, ERK and c-Src but not JNK are involved in basal and GnRH-A-stimulated-αCAT, whereas c-Src contribution is independent of ERK activation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)612-622
Number of pages11
JournalEndocrinology
Volume144
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2003

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Extracellular signal-regulated kinase and c-Src, but not Jun N-terminal kinase, are involved in basal and gonadotropin-releasing hormone-stimulated activity of the glycoprotein hormone α-subunit promoter'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this