Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae carriage upon hospital admission: Prevalence and risk factors

P. Shitrit, S. Reisfeld, Y. Paitan, B. S. Gottesman, M. Katzir, M. Paul, M. Chowers*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the value of surveillance cultures in identifying extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL) carriers upon admission to hospital, and to identify risk factors for carriage. This prospective cross-sectional study included all hospital admissions over one week.Of 525 patients screened, 56 were positive for ESBLs. Half were only identified through screening. Four independent risk factors were identified: nursing home residency, hospitalization in the previous year, prior antibiotic treatment and prior ESBL carriage. Over 50% of the screened patients had at least one risk factor. By screening this targeted population, 87.5% of positive patients would have been identified.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)230-232
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Hospital Infection
Volume85
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2013

Keywords

  • ESBL
  • Risk factors
  • Surveillance

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