The 54 microRNAs (miRNAs) within the DLK-DIO3 genomic region on chromosome 14q32.31 (cluster-14-miRNAs) are organized into sub-clusters 14A and 14B. These miRNAs are downregulated in glioblastomas and might have a tumor suppressive role. Any association between the expression levels of cluster-14-miRNAs with overall survival (OS) is undetermined. We randomly selected miR-433, belonging to sub-cluster 14A and miR-323a-3p and miR-369-3p, belonging to sub-cluster 14B, and assessed their role in glioblastomas in vitro and in vivo. We also determined the expression level of cluster-14-miRNAs in 27 patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma, and analyzed the association between their level of expression and OS. Overexpression of miR-323a-3p and miR-369-3p, but not miR-433, in glioblastoma cells inhibited their proliferation and migration in vitro. Mice implanted with glioblastoma cells overexpressing miR323a-3p and miR369-3p, but not miR433, exhibited prolonged survival compared to controls (P =.003). Bioinformatics analysis identified 13 putative target genes of cluster-14-miRNAs, and real-time RT-PCR validated these findings. Pathway analysis of the putative target genes identified neuregulin as the most enriched pathway. The expression level of cluster-14-miRNAs correlated with patients’ OS. The median OS was 8.5 months for patients with low expression levels and 52.7 months for patients with high expression levels (HR 0.34; 95 % CI 0.12–0.59, P =.003). The expression level of cluster-14-miRNAs correlates directly with OS, suggesting a role for this cluster in promoting aggressive behavior of glioblastoma, possibly through ErBb/neuregulin signaling.
- Chromosome 14q32.31