Explosive Properties and Thermal Stability of Urea-Hydrogen Peroxide Adduct

Robert Matyáš, Jakub Selesovsky, Vojtěch Pelikán, Mateusz Szala, Stanisław Cudziło, Waldemar A. Trzciński, Michael Gozin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The adduct of urea and hydrogen peroxide (UHP) is industrially produced material on a large scale. Although UHP is widely used as a bleaching and oxidizing agent, its properties as energetic material are generally overlooked. In this work we report comprehensive characterization of UHP explosive and thermal properties. We found that UHP is a compound with a negative value of standard enthalpy of formation (−565.1 kJ mol−1). It is not sensitive to impact and friction. However, we demonstrated that UHP (ρ=0.93 g cm−3; packed into a steel pipe with inner diameter of 206 mm) detonates with experimental velocity of detonation (VOD) of 3780 m s−1. Moreover, for UHP with maximal theoretical density (ρ=1.43 g cm−3), the calculated VOD reaches 5219 m s−1. Based on our findings, we recommend that present regulations regarding the handling, storage and transportation of the UHP should be revised, especially in cases, where UHP is kept on a large scale, under confinement and at places where the temperature can reach above 60 °C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)198-203
Number of pages6
JournalPropellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics
Volume42
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2017

Keywords

  • Explosive properties
  • Thermal stability
  • Urea hydrogen peroxide

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