## Abstract

A rateless code encodes a finite-length information word into an infinitely long codeword such that longer prefixes of the codeword can tolerate a larger fraction of errors. A rateless code approaches capacity for a family of channels if, for every channel in the family, reliable communication is obtained by a prefix of the code whose rate is arbitrarily close to the channel’s capacity. The encoder is universal in the sense that same encoder is used for all channels in the family. So far, all known constructions of rateless codes were randomized, giving rise to ensembles of such codes. In this paper, we construct the first explicit rateless code for memoryless binary-input output-symmetric (MBIOS) channels. Our code achieves an almost exponentially small error probability (e. g., exp(−Ω(k/ log^{∗} k)) for k-bit information word), and can be encoded in almost constant time per-bit (e. g., O(log^{∗} k)). Over binary symmetric channels, the running time of decoding is similar. Previous ensemble-based rateless codes for the binary symmetric channel have polynomial asymptotic error probabilities and the running time of decoding is polynomial only under some conditions.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 1-29 |

Number of pages | 29 |

Journal | Theory of Computing |

Volume | 14 |

Issue number | 4 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 2018 |

## Keywords

- Binary symmetric channel
- Coding theory
- Error-correcting codes
- Gaussian channel
- Memoryless binary-input output symmetric channel
- Rateless codes