Explaining the variable effects of social support on work-based stressor-strain relations: The role of perceived pattern of support exchange

Inbal Nahum-Shani, Peter A. Bamberger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Seeking to explain mixed empirical findings regarding the buffering effect of social support on work-based stress-strain relations, we posit that whether an increase in the level of support received buffers or exacerbates the harmful effects of workload on employee health and well-being is contingent upon the general pattern characterizing an employee supportive exchanges across his/her close relationships. Specifically, we propose that the buffering effect of receiving social support depends on whether the employee perceives his/her social exchanges as reciprocal (support given equals support received), under-reciprocating (support given exceeds support received), or over-reciprocating (support received exceeds support given). Based on longitudinal data collected from a random sample of blue-collar workers, our findings support our predictions, indicating that the buffering effect of social support on the relationship between work hours (on the one hand) and employee health and well-being (on the other) varies as a function of the pattern of exchange relations between an employee and his/her close support providers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-63
Number of pages15
JournalOrganizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes
Volume114
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2011

Keywords

  • Buffering
  • Conservation of resources
  • Dyadic support relations
  • Esteem-enhancement
  • Reciprocity
  • Social exchange
  • Social support
  • Stress
  • Well-being
  • Work hours

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