Experimental Mitigation of Atmospheric Turbulence Effect Using Pre-Signal Combining for Uni- A nd Bi-Directional Free-Space Optical Links with Two 100-Gbit/s OAM-Multiplexed Channels

Haoqian Song*, Robert Bock, Brittany Lynn, Moshe Tur, Alan E. Willner, Hao Song, Runzhou Zhang, Karapet Manukyan, Long Li, Zhe Zhao, Kai Pang, Cong Liu, Ahmed Almaiman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this paper, we experimentally demonstrate the mitigation of atmospheric turbulence effects using phase patterns that apply the inverse transmission matrix for pre-compensation in the 200-Gbit/s free-space orbital angular momentum (OAM) multiplexed optical link. In this link, two OAM channels are multiplexed, each carrying a 100-Gbit/s quadrature-phase shift keying (QPSK) signal. In the uni-directional (forward) link, a combination of two OAM modes is generated using a designed phase pattern in each of the two channels. After the two channels are multiplexed, each OAM mode will carry the combination of signals from both channels. Such beams could perform the inverse function of turbulence-induced crosstalk. We explore the link performances including crosstalk and bit error rate (BER) under 6 different turbulence realizations with a Fried parameter of 1-mm. We find the following: (a) the inter-channel crosstalk is reduced by up to 21 dB; (b) the inter-channel crosstalk is below-10 dB for the 6 turbulence realizations when the compensation is applied; (c) a BER below the FEC limit could be realized for the 6 turbulence realizations with an optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) of 16.8 dB for the uni-directional link with the compensation. Moreover, the post-compensation is also investigated for the two 100-Gbit/s OAM-multiplexed backward channels in the bi-directional link. For the backward channels, the phase patterns are used to mitigate turbulence-induced crosstalk at the receiver for backward channels, and the inter-channel crosstalk is reduced by up to 16 dB.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8789452
Pages (from-to)82-89
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Lightwave Technology
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2020

Funding

FundersFunder number
Vannevar Bush
National Science FoundationECCS-1509965
Office of Naval ResearchN000141812352, N00014-16-1-2813
Astrophysics Science Division
Naval Air Warfare Center, Aircraft DivisionN68335-18-C-0588

    Keywords

    • Beamforming
    • free-space optical communications
    • optical vortices
    • turbulence

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