Experimental evidence of a φ Josephson junction

H. Sickinger*, A. Lipman, M. Weides, R. G. Mints, H. Kohlstedt, D. Koelle, R. Kleiner, E. Goldobin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We demonstrate experimentally the existence of Josephson junctions having a doubly degenerate ground state with an average Josephson phase ψ=±φ. The value of φ can be chosen by design in the interval 0<φ<π. The junctions used in our experiments are fabricated as 0-π Josephson junctions of moderate normalized length with asymmetric 0 and π regions. We show that (a) these φ Josephson junctions have two critical currents, corresponding to the escape of the phase ψ from -φ and +φ states, (b) the phase ψ can be set to a particular state by tuning an external magnetic field, or (c) by using a proper bias current sweep sequence. The experimental observations are in agreement with previous theoretical predictions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107002
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number10
StatePublished - 7 Sep 2012


Dive into the research topics of 'Experimental evidence of a φ Josephson junction'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this