Experimental Demonstration of Sub-THz Wireless Communications Using Multiplexing of Laguerre-Gaussian Beams When Varying two Different Modal Indices

Amir Minoofar*, Xinzhou Su, Huibin Zhou, Runzhou Zhang, Fatemeh Alishahi, Kaiheng Zou, Hao Song, Kai Pang, Shlomo Zach, Moshe Tur, Andreas F. Molisch, Hirofumi Sasaki, Doohwan Lee, Alan E. Willner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The ability to multiplex multiple structured beams for sub-terahertz (sub-THz) wireless communications has been recently explored. The spatial orthogonality of structured beams enables mode-division multiplexing (MDM). In an MDM system, multiple data-carrying beams are transmitted and received simultaneously through a single aperture pair with low inherent crosstalk. This can increase data capacity and spectral efficiency of the system. Here, we experimentally demonstrate multiplexing orthogonal sub-THz Laguerre-Gaussian (LGℓ,p) beams when varying two different modal indices (i.e., both ℓ and p); this contrasts with prior reports when varying only one index (i.e.,ℓ) and could potentially provide a larger set of channels and beams in an MDM system. In our demonstration, specially designed phase patterns are used: (1) at the transmitter, to convert two THz Gaussian beams to two different LG beams, each carrying an independent data channel; and (2) at the receiver, to separate and convert the LG beams back to Gaussian-like THz beams. An 8-Gbit/s quadrature-phase-shift-keying (QPSK) link containing two multiplexed LG modes over 40 cm is experimentally demonstrated. For the above link, three different LG modal sets are chosen (i.e., LG- 2,0 and LG1,1 or LG3,0 and LG0,1 or LG2,1 and LG0,1). All channels are recovered with bit errorrates (BERs) below the 7% forward error correction (FEC) limit. The experimental results indicate that: (a) higher-order LG modes experience more divergence, larger size, and lower conversion efficiency, contributing to higher power loss; and (b) the modal coupling and crosstalk for different LG modes is <-12 dB, which could be due to the transmitter/receiver misalignments as well as beam truncation by the limited-sized receiver aperture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3285-3292
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Lightwave Technology
Volume40
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 May 2022

Keywords

  • Laguerre-Gaussian modes
  • mode-division multiplexing (MDM)
  • terahertz communication
  • terahertz photonics

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