Experimental demonstration of dynamic spatiotemporal structured beams that simultaneously exhibit two orbital angular momenta by combining multiple frequency lines, each carrying multiple Laguerre–Gaussian modes

Kai Pang*, Kaiheng Zou, Zhe Zhao, Hao Song, Yiyu Zhou, Maxim Karpov, Murat Yessenov, Abbas Shiri, Haoqian Song, Runzhou Zhang, Huibin Zhou, Xinzhou Su, Nanzhe Hu, Amir Minoofar, Tobias J. Kippenberg, Robert W. Boyd, Ayman F. Abouraddy, Moshe Tur, Alan E. Willner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In general, there are different, relatively independent forms of orbital angular momenta at a given propagation distance, which might exhibit different dynamic spatial characteristics. One type involves a beam with a helical phasefront that rotates around its own beam center, such as a Laguerre–Gaussian (LG) beam with an azimuthal index not equal to zero. The other one is a Gaussian-like beam dot that revolves around a central axis. Here, we experimentally demonstrate the generation of a dynamic spatiotemporal (ST) structured beam that simultaneously exhibits both rotation and revolution at a given propagation distance. Nine Kerr frequency comb lines are coherently combined, each carrying a designed superposition of multiple LG modes containing one unique ℓ value and multiple p values. Experimental results show that the mode purity of the reconstructed revolving and rotating LG30 beam is ∼89% when both the beam waist and revolving radius (R) are 0.4 mm. Moreover, we explore the effects of the number of frequency comb lines and the R value on the mode purity of the generated ST beam. Consequently, we find that a higher mode purity can be achieved by involving more frequency comb lines or reducing the R.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4044-4047
Number of pages4
JournalOptics Letters
Volume47
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Aug 2022

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