Expanding conservation culturomics and iEcology from terrestrial to aquatic realms

Ivan Jarić*, Uri Roll, Robert Arlinghaus, Jonathan Belmaker, Yan Chen, Victor China, Karel Douda, Franz Essl, Sonja C. Jähnig, Jonathan M. Jeschke, Gregor Kalinkat, Lukáš Kalous, Richard Ladle, Robert J. Lennox, Rui Rosa, Valerio Sbragaglia, Kate Sherren, Marek Šmejkal, Andrea Soriano-Redondo, Allan T. SouzaChristian Wolter, Ricardo A. Correia

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

The ongoing digital revolution in the age of big data is opening new research opportunities. Culturomics and iEcology, two emerging research areas based on the analysis of online data resources, can provide novel scientific insights and inform conservation and management efforts. To date, culturomics and iEcology have been applied primarily in the terrestrial realm. Here, we advocate for expanding such applications to the aquatic realm by providing a brief overview of these new approaches and outlining key areas in which culturomics and iEcology are likely to have the highest impact, including the management of protected areas; fisheries; flagship species identification; detection and distribution of threatened, rare, and alien species; assessment of ecosystem status and anthropogenic impacts; and social impact assessment. When deployed in the right context with awareness of potential biases, culturomics and iEcology are ripe for rapid development as low-cost research approaches based on data available from digital sources, with increasingly diverse applications for aquatic ecosystems.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere3000935
JournalPLoS Biology
Volume18
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 29 Oct 2020

Funding

FundersFunder number
Juan de la Cierva IncorporaciónIJC2018-035389-I
State of Mecklenburg-VorpommernMVI.18-LM-004, B 730117000069
TACR ZÉTATJ02000012
Helsingin Yliopisto
Horizon 2020 Framework Programme
Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades
HELSUS Kestävyystieteen Instituutti
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of CanadaNAKI II DG18P02OVV057, 435-2018-1018
European Commission
Grantová Agentura České Republiky19-05510S
Fundação para a Ciência e a TecnologiaUID/MAR/ 04292/2013
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung01LC1826D, 033W046A
Austrian Science FundI 3757-B29
Israel Science Foundation406/19
Akademie Věd České Republiky
European Social FundCZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/16_025/0007417
Norges Forskningsråd
Horizon 2020677039
European Regional Development Fund

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