Exogenous insulin-like growth factor II enhances post-infarction regional myocardial function in swine

A. Battler*, D. Hasdai, I. Goldberg, D. Ohad, E. Di Segni, A. Bor, N. Varda-Bloom, Z. Vered, R. Kornowski, M. Lake, D. Nass, N. Savion

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Objectives: Insulin-like growth factor II (IGF-II) promotes cardiac myocyte growth and contractility in vitro. This study was designed to investigate the effect of exogenous IGF-II on regional myocardial function at the area of infarct in the pig. Methods: Myocardial infarction was induced in 12 female anaesthetized pigs by affigel blue beads, embolizing microvessels of the left anterior descending coronary artery distribution. In the experimental group (n = 6), IGF-II (0.12 μg.kg-1 in two animals and 0.6 μg.kg-1 in four) was incorporated into the beads and delivered by them to the infarct area. Myocardial function was followed echocardiographically, and the excised heart was analysed immunohistochemically and histopathologically. Results: Myocardial function in injured zones, inversely related to an echocardiographic segmental wall motion score (mean ± SEM), was similar between the two groups at baseline, but at 4 weeks post-infarction was significantly (P = 0.008) reduced in the control group (0.58 ± 0.38 vs 3.42 ± 0.84), in contrast to nearly baseline values in the experimental group (0.58 ± 0.33 vs 1.17 ± 0.42, P = 0.41). Cardiac performance in injured segments was significantly better after myocardial injury in the experimental group (P = 0.04). Tissue samples from both groups (4 weeks post-infarction), stained with haematoxylin and eosin demonstrated peri-infarct myocyte hypertrophy, corresponding to regions selectively stained by an antibody for CD56, which highlights growing cardiac myocytes. By image analysis semi-quantification, staining for CD56 was significantly (P = 0.04) higher in the peri-infarct region of the experimental group, as compared with controls (106.5 ± 2.8 vs 92 ± 4.4 gray level units). Microvessels stained for von-Willebrand factor were similar in number in both groups (P = 0.8), as were mesenchymal cells stained for vimentin (P = 0.7). Conclusions: Exogenous IGF-II, delivered to the infarct area ameliorates regional cardiac function in the pig, perhaps by inducing peri-infarct myocyte growth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1851-1859
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Heart Journal
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1995


  • CD-56
  • Echocardiography
  • Hypertrophy
  • Infarction
  • Insulin-like growth factor II
  • Microembolization
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Pig


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