Exercise echocardiography in postmenopausal hormone users with mild systemic hypertension

Amos Pines, Enrique Z. Fisman, Itzhak Shapira, Yaacov Drory, Avraham Weiss, Nachman Eckstein, Yoram Levo, Mordechai Averbuch, Michael Motro, Heshi H. Rotmensch, Daniel Ayalon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Rest and exercise echocardiography (at dynamic and isometric exercise) were performed in 30 postmenopausal women (aged 54 ± 4 years) with borderline to mild hypertension. They were then divided into 2 groups: 17 women who started oral hormone replacement therapy (0.625 mg/day conjugated estrogens or 2 mg/day estradiol) and a control group of 13 nonusers. After 6 to 9 months, a second echocardiography was performed in 26 women (4 withdrew). There were only a few changes in values obtained in the 12 controls at the end of follow-up compared with baseline. Primarily, these changes included a slight decrease in systolic blood pressure at rest and on exercise. Several significant morphologic and hemodynamic alterations appeared in 14 hormone users. Left ventricular cavity dimensions and mass became smaller: mean end-diastolic diameter decreased from 45.9 ± 3 mm at baseline to 44.4 ± 3 mm at study termination (p = 0.007). The corresponding values for end-systolic diameter were 25.8 ± 4 mm and 23.9 ± 4 mm (p = 0.006); for left atrium diameter, it was 34.5 ± 4 mm and 32.5 ± 4 mm (p = 0.001); for left ventricular wall width, it was 19.9 ± 2 mm and 19.3 ± 2 mm (p = 0.02); for left ventricular mass, it was 197 ± 28 g and 179 ± 32 g (p = 0.006). The resting aortic blood flow velocity and acceleration increased: 119 ± 18 cm/s before therapy versus 129 ± 23 cm/s while on hormone substitution (p = 0.04), and 13.6 ± 3 m/s2 versus 16.5 ± 4 m/s2 (p = 0.008), respectively. Mean rest to peak exercise systolic blood pressure difference became smaller after hormones: 39 ± 19 mm Hg versus 28 ± 13 mm Hg (p = 0.03) during dynamic exercise, and 43 ± 22 mm Hg versus 25 ± 13 mm Hg (p = 0.004) during isometric exercise. The above data probably indicate that with hormone replacement therapy, there is an improvement in cardiac function both at rest and during exercise.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1385-1389
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume78
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

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