Exclusion and Inclusion in Property

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


This chapter addresses the substance of property. Section I presents some recent provocative accounts of the right to exclude as the core of property. Section II offers a conceptual critique of this admittedly attractive but ultimately misleading trend of exclusion-centrism in property. Section III turns to the normative dimension, emphasizing the limits of the morality of exclusion and explaining why inclusion or entry is an internal feature of some property institutions. Finally, Section IV sketches some implications and applications of the status of nonowners' right to entry as an intrinsic component of the right to property in specific types of cases and deals with three examples: the law of public accommodations, with its rather early common law origins of vindicating such a right to entry; the copyright doctrine of fair use, which is unfortunately under attack in recent times; and the law of fair housing, which currently codifies the right to entry in what may well be its most important manifestation in contemporary society.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProperty
Subtitle of host publicationValues and Institutions
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780199894994
ISBN (Print)9780199737864
StatePublished - 1 May 2011


  • Copyright doctrine of fair use
  • Law of fair housing
  • Law of public accommodations
  • Nonowners' right to entry
  • Property institutions
  • Property law
  • Right to exclude


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