Examination of spaceborne imaging spectroscopy data utility for stratigraphic and lithologic mapping

A. Dadon, A. Karnieli, E. Ben-Dor, M. Beyth

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

Abstract

Due to the increasing development of image spectroscopy techniques, airborne and spaceborne hyperspectral images have in recent years become readily available for use in geological applications. One of the prominent advantages of imaging spectroscopy is its high spectral resolution, producing detailed spectral information in each pixel. The current study aims at exploring the feasibility of the Earth-Observing-1 Hyperion imaging spectrometer to map the geology arena over the Dana Geology National Park, Jordan. After overcoming the common preprocessing difficulties (e.g., smile effect), a classification scheme of two levels was applied. The first level resulted in a stratigraphic classification product of 11 classes and the second level in a lithologic classification product of 6 classes. The overall accuracy of the stratigraphic product was 57%, while that of the lithologic product was 79%. Mismatches in classification were mostly related to terrestrial cover of the lower topography formation by rock and sand debris. In addition, low accuracy values can be attributed to Hyperion's high sensitivity, leading to recognition of different mineral compositions as different classes within a rock formation, while the conventional geology-stratigraphic map generalizes these different classes into one formation.

Original languageEnglish
StatePublished - 2012
Event1st EAGE/GRSG Remote Sensing Workshop and Exhibition - Paris, France
Duration: 3 Sep 20125 Sep 2012

Conference

Conference1st EAGE/GRSG Remote Sensing Workshop and Exhibition
Country/TerritoryFrance
CityParis
Period3/09/125/09/12

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